Baldwin AS616 Builder List and Phases

Chesapeake & Ohio Baldwin AS616 5532, location, date unknown. Photographer: Don Dover.
Baldwin AS616 – Chesapeake & Ohio 5532, location, date unknown. Photographer: Don Dover.

Summary

Baldwin built 223 AS616, AS616B and AS616E (export) units for the North American and world markets between September, 1950, and May, 1954.

The AS616 was a six-axle, 1600-horsepower locomotive powered by a turbocharged De LaVergne 608SC engine and rugged Westinghouse electrical gear.

Owners

RankOwnerQty.Percent
Total222100%
1Southern Pacific
Texas & New Orleans
6428.8%
2Chesapeake & Ohio3917.6%
3Central of Brazil*3214.5%
4Nacionales de Mexico209.0%
5Pennsylvania Railroad115.0%
6Orinoco Mining104.5%
7 Milwaukee Road83.6%
8Duluth South Shore & Atlantic73.2%
9Union Pacific62.7%
10Tennessee Coal & Iron52.3%
11Parana-Santa Catarina**52.3%
12Chicago & North Western31.4%
13Union Railroad31.4%
14Baldwin Demonstrators***20.9%
15Bessemer & Lake Erie20.9%
16Kaiser Steel20.9%
17Houston Belt & Terminal10.5%
18Pittsburg & West Virginia10.5%
19Trona10.5%

Southern Pacific 5501-5502 and Milwaukee Road 2100-2101B were built without cabs as B-units.

Central of Brazil 4371-4390 were modified export models built to meter-gauge and designated AS616E. Central of Brazil 3371-3382 were built to 5′-3″ gauge.

Parana-Santa Catarina 60-64 were modified export models built to meter-gauge and designated AS616E.

Baldwin Demonstrator 1600 was sold to Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 211 c.August, 1953. Baldwin Demonstrator 1601 was built as a test bed and was sold to Oregon & Northwestern 1 in January, 1955.

Sales

MarketQuantityPercentage
Total222100%
USA15569.8%
International4721.2%
Mexico209.0%
Canada00.0%

Baldwin AS616 compared to Alco and EMD products

Year
DRS-6-6-1500AS616RSD5RSD12SD7H16-66
Totals382221996218859
1946
1947
19485
194914
19501925
1951626
19527639568
19533111313217
1954282110
19551210
195614126
195711
1958282
195911
Model484950515253545556575859
Baldwin DRS-6-6-150051419
Baldwin AS6162562763128
Alco RSD42016
Alco RSD539113211214
Alco RSD721512
Alco RSD1212112811
Alco RSD15633
EMD SD756132
EMD SD9
FM H16-666817101062

USA Regional Distribution

RankRegionQtyPercentage
155100%
1West7548.3%
2Northeast5434.8%
3Midwest2113.5%
4Southeast53.2%

West

RankRailroadQtyPercentage
Total75100%
1Southern Pacific
Texas & New Orleans
6485.3%
2Union Pacific68.0%
3Kaiser Steel22.6%
4Oregon & Northwestern*11.3%
5Houston Belt & Terminal11.3%
6Trona Railway11.3%

Baldwin Demonstrator 1601 was sold to Oregon & Northwestern 1 in January, 1955.

Northeast

RankRailroadQtyPercentage
Total54100%
1Chesapeake & Ohio3972.2%
2Pennsylvania Railroad1120.4%
4Union Railway35.6%
5Pittsburgh & West Virginia11.9%

Midwest

RankRailroadQtyPercentage
Total21100%
1Milwaukee Road838.0%
2Duluth South Shore & Atlantic*838.0%
4Chicago & North Western314.2%
5Bessemer & Lake Erie29.5%

Baldwin Demonstrator 1600 was sold to Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 211 c. 8/53 and is included in this total.

South

RankRailroadQtyPercentage
Total5100%
1Tennessee Coal & Iron5100%

Mexico

RankRailroadQtyPercentage
Total5100%
1Nacionales de Mexico20100%

International

RankCountryRailroadQty.Percentage
47100
1BrazilCentral of Brazil*3268.1%
2VenuzuelaOrinoco Mining1021.3%
3BrazilParana-Santa Catarina*510.6%

Central of Brazil 4371-4390 and Parana-Santa Catarina 60-64 were modified export models built to meter-gauge and designated AS616E. Central of Brazil 3371-3382 were built to 5′-3″ gauge.

Annual Production

AS616 Production 1950-1954

YearQtyPercent
222100%
19502519.1%
19516255.4%
19527610.3%
1953315.9%
1954286.9%

1950

RankDatesRailroadQty
Total25
1SeptemberSouthern Pacific 5228-523912
2OctoberTennessee Coal & Iron 1502-15032
3NovemberChesapeake & Ohio 5533-53364
4DecemberChesapeake & Ohio 5537-55437

1951

RankDatesRailroadQty
Total62
1JanuaryChesapeake & Ohio 5544-55507
2FebruaryDuluth South Shore & Atlantic 204-2085
3FebruarySouthern Pacific 5240-52423
4FebruaryTennessee Coal & Iron 15051
5MarchSouthern Pacific 5243-52486
6AprilMilwaukee Road 2100A-2101A, 2100B-2101B*4
7AprilSouthern Pacific 5249, 5501-5502*3
8MayPennsylvania Railroad 8966, 8972-89744
9MayPittsburgh & West Virginia 401
10MayTennessee Coal & Iron 1504, 15062
11JunePennsylvania Railroad 8967-89715
12JuneUnion Railroad 625-6273
13JulyChesapeake & Ohio 5551-55522
14AugustChesapeake & Ohio 5553-55553
15SeptemberChesapeake & Ohio 5556-55583
16OctoberSouthern Pacific 5250-5252, 5503-5505*6
17DecemberUnion Pacific 1260-12634

Milwaukee Road 2100B-2101B and Southern Pacific 5501-5505 were cabless B-units.

1952

RankDatesRailroadQty
Total76
1JanuaryChicago & North Western 1650-15612
2JanuarySouthern Pacific - T&NO 177-1848
3JanuaryUnion Pacific 1264-12652
4FebruaryChesapeake & Ohio 5559-55646
5FebruarySouthern Pacific 5263-52719
6MarchBaldwin 1600*1
7MarchChesapeake & Ohio 5565-55695
8MarchHouston Belt & Terminal 321
9MarchSouthern Pacific 5253-5255, 52724
10AprilSouthern Pacific 5256-52627
11MaySouthern Pacific 5273-52786
12JuneKaiser Steel 1012A, 1012B2
13JuneOrinoco Mining 1001-10022
14JuneCentral of Brazil 3371-3372**2
16JulyBessemer & Lake Erie 408-4092
17JulyCentral of Brazil 3373*1
18AugustDuluth South Shore & Atlantic 209-2102
19AugustCentral of Brazil 3374**1
20SeptemberChicago & North Western 16041
21SeptemberOrinoco 1001-10022
22OctoberCentral of Brazil 3375-3378**4
23NovemberOrinoco Mining 1003-10042
24NovemberCentral of Brazil 3379-3380**2
25DecemberCentral of Brazil 3381-3382**2

Baldwin 1600 was built as a demonstrator and was sold to Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 211 c. August, 1952.

Central of Brazil 3371-3382 were 5′-3″ gauge.

1953

RankDatesRailroadQty
Total31
1JanuaryCentral of Brazil 4371-4374*4
2FebruaryCentral of Brazil 4375-4379*5
3MarchCentral of Brazil 4380-4384*5
4AprilCentral of Brazil 4385-4389*5
5MayCentral of Brazil 4390*1
6JuneOrinoco Mining 1005-10062
7JulyOrinoco Mining 1007-1010**4
8JulyChesapeake & Ohio 5528-55292
9AugustMilwaukee Road 2104-21052
10AugustBaldwin Demonstrator 1601***1
11SeptemberMilwaukee Road 2106-21072

Central of Brazil 4371-4390 were modified export models built to meter-gauge and designated AS616E.

Orinoco Mining 10 was rebuilt from Orinoco 8.

Baldwin 1601 was built as a demonstrator and testbed and demonstrator. It was sold to Oregon & Northwestern 1 in January, 1955.

1954

RankDatesRailroadQty
Total28
1JanuaryParana-Santa Catarina 60, 62-64*4
2FebruaryParana-Santa Catarina 61*1
3FebruaryPennsylvania Railroad 8111-81122
4MarchNacionales de Mexico 6800-68078
5MarchTrona Railway 521
6AprilNacionales de Mexico 6808-68147
7MayNacionales de Mexico 6815-68195

Parana-Santa Catarina 60-64 were modified export models built to meter-gauge and designated AS616E.

Yearly production:

1951 – 55 units (30.4%)

January – 7 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5544-5550 (7)

February 9 units

  • Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 204-208 (5)
  • Southern Pacific 5240-5242 (3)
  • Tennessee Coal & Iron 1505 (1)

March – 5 units

  • Southern Pacific 5243-5248 (5)

April – 7 units

  • Milwaukee Road 2100A-2101A and 2100B-2100B* (4)
  • Southern Pacific 5249, 5501-5502* (3)

May – 7 units

  • Pennsylvania Railroad 8966, 8972-8974 (4)
  • Pittsburgh & West Virginia 40 (1)
  • Tennessee Coal & Iron 1504, 1506 (2)

June – 8 units

  • Pennsylvania Railroad 8967-8971 (5)
  • Union Railroad 625-627 (3)

July – 2 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5551-5552 (2)

August – 3 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5553-5555 (3)

September – 3 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5556-5558 (3)

October – 6 units

  • Southern Pacific 5250-5252, 5503-5505* (6)

December – 4 units

  • Union Pacific 1260-1263 (4)

1952 – 58 units (32.0%)

January – 12 units

  • Chicago & North Western 1560-1561 (2)
  • Southern Pacific – Texas & New Orleans 177-184 (8)
  • Union Pacific 1264-1265 (2)

February – 15 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5559-5564 (6)
  • Southern Pacific 5263-5271 (9)

March – 11 units

  • Baldwin demonstrator 1600 (1) – sold to Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 211 c. August, 1952
  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5565-5569 (5)
  • Houston Belt & Terminal 32 (1)
  • Southern Pacific 5253-5255, 5272 (4)

April – 7 units

  • Southern Pacific 5256-5262 (7)

May – 2 units

  • Southern Pacific 5273-5278 (2)

June – 6 units

  • Kaiser Steel 1012A, 1012B (2)
  • Orinoco Mining Co. 1001-1002 (2)
  • Central of Brazil 3371-3372 (2)

July – 3 units

  • Bessemer & Lake Erie 408-409 (2)
  • Central of Brazil 3373 (1)

August – 3 units

  • Duluth South Shore & Atlantic 209-210 (2)
  • Central of Brazil 3374 (1)

September – 1 unit

  • Chicago & North Western 1604 (1)

OCTOBER – 4 units

  • Central of Brazil 3375-3378 (4)

November – 4 units

  • Orinoco Mining Co. 1003-1004 (2)
  • Central of Brazil 3379-3380 (2)

December – 2 units

  • Central of Brazil 3381-3382 (2)

1953 – 12 units (6.6%)

JANUARY- 3 units

  • Central of Brazil 4371-4374 (3)

february – 5 units

  • Central of Brazil 4375-4379 (5)

MARCH – 5 units

  • Central of Brazil 4380-4384 (5)

APRIL – 5 units

  • Central of Brazil 4385-4389 (5)

May – 1 unit

  • Central of Brazil 4390 (1)

June – 2 units

  • Orinoco Mining Co. 1005-1006 (2)

July – 6 units

  • Chesapeake & Ohio 5528-5529 (2)
  • Orinoco Mining Co. 1007-1010 (4) – Orinoco 10 was a rebuild of Orinoco 8

August – 2 units

  • Milwaukee Road 2104-2105 (2)

September – 2 units

  • Milwaukee Road 2106-2107 (2)

1954 – 23 units (12.7%)

January – 4 units

  • Parana-Santa Catarina 60, 62-64 (4)

February – 3 units

  • Pennsylvania Railroad 8111-8112 (2)
  • Parana-Santa Catarina 61 (1)

March – 9 units

  • Nacionales de Mexico 6800-6807 (8)
  • Trona Railway 52 (1)

April – 7 units

  • Nacionales de Mexico 6808-6814 (7)

May – 5 units

  • Nacionales de Mexico 6815-6819 (5)

1955 – 1 unit (0.6%)

January

  • Baldwin demonstrator/test bed 1601 (1) – sold to Oregon & Northwestern 1 in January, 1955,